Jharkhand is the 28th state of the Indian Union. This new State Jharkhand formerly a part of Bihar state, was formed on November 15th, 2000 with Ranchi as its capital. Jharkhand is one the most industrialised regions of the country today. The region accounts for 35.5% of the country's known coal reserves,90% of its cooking coal deposits, 40% of its copper, 22% of its iron ore, 90% of its mica and huge deposits of bauxite, quartz and ceramics. The State is bordered by Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and West Bengal to its north, west, south and east respectively. It spans an area of 79,700 km² and the population of the state isover26,909,428. The main languages spoken in Jharkhand are Santhali , Mundari, Kurukh, Khortha, Nagpuria, Sadri, Khariya, Panchparagnia, Ho, Malto, Karmali, Hindi, Urdu, and Bangla.
Land Surface and Rivers of Jharkhand
Among the rivers in Jharkhand, the river Ganges plays a predominant role.Jharkhand rivers are divided into two parts: rivers flowing from the southern part of the Chotanagpur plateau and the rivers flowing from
the Chotanagpur plateau towards the north.
It goes without mention that the river Ganges is one of the most important rivers of Jharkhand: the other rivers in Jharkhand flow as tributaries to the river Ganga. Some of the rivers at Jharkhand that join the Ganges from the north are Gandak, Ghaghra, Burhi Gandak,Mahananda, Kosi, etc: whereas the rivers that join Ganga from the southern part of the territory are Sakri, Punpun, Karmansa, Phalgu, Kiul, etc. Besides, the river Damodar, known as the 'Dev' river in Jharkhand, is one of the longest rivers at Jharkhand.
Climate of Jharkhand
Climate of the Jharkhand state in general is tropical with hot summers and cold winters. There are regional variations and some parts of the Cities like Ranchi, Netarhat, and Parasnath have a pleasant climate even during the summers. Maximum rainfall takes place during the months from July to September that accounts for more than 90% of total rainfall in the state.
Tourism in Jharkhand
Tourism Places in Jharkhand : Parasnath , Hazaribagh , Dhanbad , Ranchi , Netarhat , Palamau
An important destination for Jain pilgrims, Parasnath is located at a distance of 179 km from Giridihdistrict. The place Parasnath is named after Parsvanatha, the 23rd Jain Tirthankara who attained nirvana here.
There are 24 Jain Temples each one dedicated to one of JainTirthankara. The temple on the highest peak is of Parsvanatha.
Pilgrims begin their journey from Madhuban. Madhuban is a stopover at the foot of the hill from where people have to walk. It takes around three hours to reach Parasnath.
Hazaribagh means “thousand tigers”. Hazaribagh is famous for its wildlife sanctuary. The place is situated in the rising and falling of Chhota Nagpur Plateau. The sanctuary is 190 sq km and was established in 1954. The sanctuary is home to animals like wild boar, niglai and leopard. The sanctuary is a thick forest area so it’s a safe place for birds to live.
The Best Season to visit the sanctuary is from October to March as the climate is pleasant at that time.Prior permission from the divisional forest officer (west division) is required to enter the sanctuary.
The other places to visit are:
Canari Hill (5 kms): Cycle Rickshaws available from the Hazaribagh town.
Rajrappa falls (89 kms): State Transport Bus operates daily an early morning service to this place from the town.
Suraj Kund (72 kms): Hot spring. Buses are available from the town.
Dhanbad is one of the most important industrial centres in India. In and around Dhanbad is the richest mineral wealth of India.
Places to visit:
Central Mining Research StationCentral Fuel Reaserch InstituteDirectorate General of Mines SafetyMining College. The collieries, various technical institutions and research centres of high order, attractives neighbourhood and the landscapes are the attractions of this industrial city.
* Topchanchi: 37 kms. This is a beautiful lake, surrounded by green hills.
* Jharia: Suburts of Dhanbad, is rich colliery centre & has entensive commerce.
* Sindri: 30 kms. Fertiliser & other factories & Bihar Institute of Technology.
* Maithon Dam: 52 kms. D.V.C Dam.
* Panchet Dam: D.V.C Dam.
Ranchi is the state capital of Jharkhand. The City is full of Water falls, lakes and Forests. The city lies at 23°23’ N Latitude and Longitude of 85°23’ E. located at a height of 2140 ft above the sea level. The city receives an annual rainfall of 1503mm. The temperaturein the summer ranges from (Min 20.6 °C to Max 37.2°C) and in winterfrom (Min 10.3°C to Max 22.9°C).
Jagannathpur Temple & Hill
Crops Of Harayana Jharkhand
Principal food crops of Jharkhand are paddy, wheat, maize and pulses
Dresses Of Jharkhand
The traditional tribal clothing for men in Jharkhand is called the Bhagwan,which is a one-piece cloth. However, the costumes of Jharkhand have a non-tribal character too. The traditional costume for the non-tribal men in Jharkhand includes the kurta, pyjama, dhoti and shirts. When attending some special ceremonies or a function they prefer to dress themselves in a good quality as well as attractive looking pyjama, kurta as well as sherwani.
The traditional costume for women of Jharkhand, like most parts of India, centers on sari and blouse.For the fashion-conscious women, the dazzling Tussar silk saris are an ideal option. The sarees arespecially produced in the state of Jharkhand.Tussar silk saris are produced in the Kharsawa district ofJharkhand, and are characterized by a lustrous texture. Often they have prints or paintings of various hues of the colorful tribal life on them, and this tribal tapestry gives the wearer an added appeal. Nowadays the Swarnarekha or the Anjana silks are flooding the market, which reflect ethnic culture.